Tennis Elbow, technically known as “Lateral Epicondylitis” is a condition characterised by pain at the bony area that is felt outside the elbow. It develops due to the inflammation of tendons that join forearm muscles. The primary tendon called extensor becomes tender and causes pain. This condition, affecting people with advancement in age, is due to overuse of the muscles and tendons by repeating the same motion over and again. The condition worsens as you continue the activity.
The condition can be treated by physical therapy and pain killers. Giving rest to the tendon and allowing time to heal rectifies the problem. Self help includes rest, cold compression, using strap and anti-inflammatory medications. Ultrasound massage is very helpful in releving the inflammation. Stretching and strengthening exercises of the affected muscles form the corerstone in preventing the recurrence.
We do not inject steroids for this problem contrary to the common practice.
Surgery is required only in complicated cases when release of the damaged tendon is absolutely essential. This can be performed by arthroscopy with ease